Norvic Philatelics - GB New Stamps and Special Postmarks
Windmills and Watermills - 20 June 2017
Stamps - three se-tenant pairs of 1st class, £1.40 (Worldwide 20g letter);
£1.57 (Worldwide 100g letter)
class: Nutley Windmill (East Sussex) and New Abbey Corn Mill
(Dumfries and Galloway)
£1.40: Ballycopeland Windmill (Co
Down) and Cheddleton Flint Mill (Staffordshire)
£1.57: Woodchurch Windmill (Kent) and Felin Cochwillan Mill
Harnessing the power of the wind to provide motive power for
transportation and to grind grain between stones to produce flour has
been carried out since ancient times. It is believed windmills are of
Persian origin, with the concept spreading into Northern Europe as a
result of the Crusades. The Greeks invented the two main components of
watermills, the waterwheel and toothed gearing and were, along with the
Romans, the first to operate undershot, overshot and breastshot
waterwheel mills. The first powered mills turned by animals and
watermills appeared in Britain shortly after the arrival of the Roman
army in AD 43.
Originally developed for milling grain for food production, windmills
were gradually adapted for many other industrial uses including the
pumping of water. European millwrights became highly skilled craftsmen
and as Europeans colonised the rest of the globe windmills spread
throughout the world.
As steam power developed, the uncertain power of the wind became less
and less economic and as a result, only a small number of these elegant
structures that once extracted power from the wind still exist. These
remaining windmills are an historic and photogenic reminder of a past
technological age but a number of mills have been restored either
visually, or in some cases back to full working order, as a result of
the growing demand for organic and non-manufactured foodstuffs.
Conversely, whilst watermills were once commonplace many have lost their
watermills and machinery and the buildings have been converted for other
uses. Fortunately, the original structures of a number of others have
been lovingly restored and they have become local tourist attractions.
There are two basic types of watermills - one powered by a
vertical-waterwheel via a gearing mechanism and the other equipped by a
horizontal-waterwheel without such a mechanism. The former can be
further divided, depending on where the water hits the wheel paddles,
into undershot, overshot, breastshot and reverse shot waterwheel mills.
The pinnacles of windmill design include those built by the British who
developed many advanced "automatic control" mechanisms over the
Technical details and details of background images:
The stamps were designed by Atelier Works with photography by Philip
Sayer, and are printed by International Security Printers in lithography.
The 35 x 37 mm stamps are printed in vertical se-tenant pairs in
sheets of 30/60, perf 14.5 x 14.
Stamp designs © Royal Mail Group Ltd 2017
Products issued, available from Royal Mail:
Set of 6 stamps (3 vertical se-tenant pairs) --
First day cover -- Presentation pack --
Stamp cards (set of 6)
This page is for information only, we shall not be stocking these
Postmarks available for the day of
issue will be shown in Royal Mail's Postmark Bulletins (download
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This page created 19 June 2017